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An emotional interview with Elon Musk
• “This past year has been the most difficult and painful year of my career. It was excruciating.”
That was the chief government of Tesla, who alternated between laughter and tears on Thursday in speaking with The Times about a crushing workload that he mentioned had generally stretched to 120 hours every week.
Mr. Musk mentioned he didn’t remorse abruptly saying on Twitter that he hoped to transform the electric-car maker into a non-public firm. The declaration despatched Tesla’s shares hovering but additionally began a federal investigation and angered the corporate’s board.
• “There had been occasions once I didn’t depart the manufacturing facility for 3 or 4 days,” Mr. Musk mentioned, including, “But from a personal pain standpoint, the worst is yet to come.” Here are five takeaways from the interview.
Paying respect to the “Queen of Soul”
• Aretha Franklin took a love track by Otis Redding, “Respect,” and turned it into one of the empowering standard recordings ever made.
“Nothing that’s over so soon should give you that much strength,” our critic writes. “But that was Aretha Franklin: a quick trip to the emotional gym.”
Ms. Franklin died on Thursday on the age of 76. Her storied musical profession had its roots in gospel however expanded into soul, R&B, pop and opera. Read her obituary.
She positioned greater than 100 singles within the Billboard charts, acquired 18 aggressive Grammy Awards, and was the primary girl inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.
• We compiled a playlist of 20 of her essential songs.
The energy of the president
• President Trump mentioned on Thursday that he had revoked the safety clearance of John Brennan, the previous C.I.A. director, as a result of he was a part of what Mr. Trump has referred to as the “sham” Russia investigation.
Law enforcement officers, lawmakers and members of the intelligence neighborhood mentioned the president’s retaliation in opposition to one in all his critics might have a chilling impact on U.S. regulation enforcement and intelligence officers. Read more here.
Separately, the fraud trial of Paul Manafort, Mr. Trump’s former marketing campaign chairman, has offered the first extended glimpse of Robert Mueller’s investigators. It’s not a lot of 1 although, because the tight-lipped group received’t focus on even essentially the most mundane particulars, equivalent to their meals orders.
• And the navy parade ordered up by Mr. Trump and deliberate for Veterans Day could be postponed until next year, the Pentagon introduced on Thursday. The choice got here after Defense Department officers mentioned the occasion might value greater than $90 million, not less than thrice greater than earlier estimates.
Remorse from the Vatican
• The Vatican said in a statement on Thursday that the widespread sexual abuse of kids by clergymen, detailed in a grand jury report launched this week in Pennsylvania, was “criminal and morally reprehensible.”
“Victims should know that the pope is on their side,” the assertion mentioned.
Pope Francis has confronted mounting criticism that he had a blind spot in coping with the abuse of minors by clergy.
• A high Roman Catholic Church official within the U.S. mentioned that a lot of the blame lay on the shoulders of bishops and promised that there could be change.
Our column is taking the week off. It will return.
• Quiz time!
Did you retain up with this week’s information? Test yourself.
• Ready for the weekend
On TV, a brand new collection from Matt Groening, the creator of “The Simpsons,” debuts on Netflix at the moment. “Disenchantment,” a medieval fantasy satire, is totally completely different from what Mr. Groening has executed earlier than, our reviewer writes.
One of our artwork critics visited Los Angeles (and says, had been he a younger artist, he’d favor it over New York). He recommended three shows, together with “one of the strongest and most cohesive biennials I’ve see anywhere in years” on the Hammer.
Lastly, “Pretty Woman: The Musical” has arrived on Broadway. Our critic says its principal achievement is to make you recognize anew Julia Roberts’s efficiency within the 1990 movie.
• Best of late-night TV
After Gov. Andrew Cuomo of New York mentioned America “was never that great,” Stephen Colbert offered his assessment: “That is the dumbest thing you can say as a politician.”
• Quotation of the day
“The message he’s sending is: Don’t cross me.”
— Mary McCord, who helped run the Justice Department’s nationwide safety division, referring to President Trump’s choice to revoke the safety clearance of John Brennan.
• The Times, in different phrases
• What we’re studying
Tara Parker-Pope, a Times columnist, recommends this piece from Atlas Obscura: “I have always remembered reading a favorite children’s book that involved a dragon-like creature with a silly, whimsical name, but I’m stumped as to what the title was. Now Atlas Obscura tells the story of librarians who help solve mysteries like this and reunite readers with long-lost books.”
On Aug. 18, 1872, Aaron Montgomery Ward, a Chicago businessman, set in movement an concept that appeared humble on the time however would go on to form the retail business.
On a sheet of paper, he listed about 150 objects on the market. That one web page became tons of, and by 1888, annual sales from the catalog reached $1 million.
The catalog was standard with the largely rural inhabitants of the U.S., which all of a sudden gained entry to the whole lot from fur coats to washing machines. The success of Ward’s creation was pushed, partly, by a more efficient postal service that had began delivering packages door to door.
The earliest reported catalogs appeared in Venice within the 1400s. In the 18th century, Benjamin Franklin used the mail order concept to promote books.
Catalogs from Montgomery Ward and one other mail order pioneer, Sears, Roebuck and Company, began an business that vied for a spot in mailboxes for many years.
The rise of purchasing malls and the web finally spelled the demise of the mail order catalog. In 1985, Montgomery Ward discontinued its catalog because of persistent losses.
But what’s outdated is new once more: Amazon is reportedly engaged on its own holiday catalog this year.
Alisha Haridasani Gupta wrote at the moment’s Back Story.
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