Israel, Apple, North Korea: Your Wednesday Briefing

The newspaper Pravda formally started publishing in Russia this week in 1912, as Vladimir Lenin’s megaphone for communist thought. (Pravda, which suggests “truth,” was “probably history’s most inaccurately named publication,” The Times once noted.)

One of Pravda’s early editors was Joseph Stalin, and, together with Izvestia, which suggests “news,” the 2 papers turned the primary instruments for propaganda within the Soviet Union. They additionally turned an ironic chorus in Soviet life: “There is no news in Pravda and no truth in Izvestia.”

With a circulation of 11 million at its peak — aided by necessary subscriptions for presidency organizations — Pravda spoke with the “absolute, leaden authority of the Kremlin,” The Times wrote.

After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, Pravda misplaced its captive viewers. The subsequent 12 months, it lamented in a note to readers the market forces that led to a short shutdown:

”Under the Czar the newspaper was closed 9 occasions, then 4 underneath the Provisional Government, after which in August 1991. The time has come to place us on our knees as soon as once more. Some politicians suppose that 80 years of Pravda could be struck out of historical past.”

The paper was later purchased by two Greek capitalists, however it nonetheless struggled, briefly shutting down once more in 1996. (Today, its circulation is about 100,000.)

Robb Todd wrote immediately’s Back Story.

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