Pope Francis, Trade War, Apple: Your Friday Briefing

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Good morning. A coverage change for the pope, the prospect of dirtier vehicles within the U.S., and financial uncertainty in Europe.

Here’s the most recent:

In a monumental shift in Roman Catholic educating, Pope Francis declared the demise penalty mistaken in all instances, calling it “an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person.”

The ruling might put pressure on Catholic judges and politicians around the world. So how ought to they interpret it?

A theology professor stated it was “part of the regular teaching of the church” and “binding.” But, he added, Catholics who imagine in a different way gained’t face penalties or be denied the sacraments.

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• The Trump administration revealed a plan to ease rules on auto fuel efficiency, which might unravel one in every of President Barack Obama’s signature insurance policies to battle greenhouse gasoline emissions.

What occurs subsequent? Opponents — an uncommon mixture of environmentalists, automakers, client teams and state governments — are racing to mood the plan earlier than it’s finalized this 12 months.

Also out of Washington: Top nationwide safety officers pledged to assist ward off Russia’s attempts to influence U.S. elections. “We acknowledge the threat. It is real. It is continuing,” stated Dan Coats, the director of nationwide intelligence.

• “A cloud of uncertainty” hangs over Europe’s economic system.

That’s the temper amongst European companies as firms really feel the influence of President Trump’s commerce warfare. High costs, disrupted provide chains and wavering exports supply a preview of how global tensions might ripple by means of the European economic system.

Beyond its personal points with the U.S., the E.U. is caught within the crossfire of a worsening commerce dispute between the U.S. and China. European firms like BMW and Volkswagen, above, say that world commerce tensions might act as a drag on development.

“The global supply chains are deeply interconnected,” stated Ralf P. Thomas, the chief monetary officer of Siemens. Stable situations are “of utmost importance.”

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• “My pal is gone endlessly.”

On a uncommon journey to Rakhine State in Myanmar, our reporters gathered proof that the Myanmar authorities’s declare that it’s repatriating Rohingya Muslims from Bangladesh doesn’t match the reality on the ground. A sanctioned narrative on a government-led tour of repatriation facilities grew sticky with contradictions as witnesses spoke up.

One woman informed our reporters that she missed a Muslim pal who had lived just a few homes down. “The Rakhine burned their houses down,” she stated, referring to civilians from the Buddhist ethnic group that offers the state its identify.

A person corrected her rapidly. “You’re supposed to say the reverse,” he admonished. “You should say they burned their own houses down.”

Business

Emmerson Mnangagwa, seen within the poster above, who seized energy from Robert Mugabe in a coup final 12 months, has been declared the winner of Zimbabwe’s disputed presidential election. [The New York Times]

A Muslim girl can have a British courtroom dissolve her spiritual marriage even when the union was not registered with the civil authorities, a decide stated, in a ruling with potential implications for the rights of hundreds of ladies. [The New York Times]

Sweden’s highest peak misplaced its title after per week of file warmth. A month in the past, the southern peak on the Kebnekaise mountain soared to 2,101 meters, or 6,893 ft, above sea degree. By Tuesday, it had dropped to 2,097 meters. [The New York Times]

An Ernest Hemingway story is in print for the primary time. In 1956, Hemingway wrote 5 brief tales about World War II, solely one in every of which had been revealed — till now. [The New York Times]

Extreme warmth is predicted for big elements of Southern and Western Europe this weekend, with temperatures in Spain anticipated to succeed in as much as 48 levels Celsius, or 118 Fahrenheit. [The Guardian]

Archaeologists in Cologne, Germany, have found the foundations of the oldest identified library within the nation, relationship to A.D. 2. It most likely housed as many as 20,000 scrolls. [BBC]

Smarter Living

Tips for a extra fulfilling life.

Every 12 months, bulls cost by means of Pamplona, Spain, and wrestle with the nation’s hardest fighters in the course of the competition of San Fermín. When they die, the competition’s taxidermist, above, turns them into trophies.

Matti, a socially awkward Finnish cartoon character who hates small discuss, is gaining recognition amongst younger folks in China. “Essentially the Chinese do have a shy, introverted and bashful side, like the Finnish,” stated one professor, explaining Matti’s fame.

In memoriam: Jacques Wirtz, 93, an acclaimed Belgian landscape architect who believed a backyard was for all seasons. “A garden that is not beautiful in winter is not a beautiful garden,” he usually stated.

Back Story

If anybody might show that age is nothing however a quantity, it was Maggie Kuhn.

The activist and founding father of the Gray Panthers, an American advocacy group for the aged, was born on this present day in Buffalo in 1905.

In 1970, after working for the Presbyterian Church in New York for 1 / 4 of a century, Miss Kuhn retired, having reached the necessary retirement age of 65.

As a end result, she labored with fellow retirees to begin a gaggle that may be referred to as the Gray Panthers (a reference to the Black Panthers), which labored to bridge the gap between the young and the old and addressed different social points.

Miss Kuhn remained involved with the organization till her death at age 89 in 1995.

“I’m an old woman,” she informed The Times in 1972. “I have gray hair, many wrinkles and arthritis in both hands. And I celebrate my freedom from bureaucratic restraints that once held me.”

She embraced her age and was unapologetic about it.

On her 85th birthday in 1991, she told a group of seniors in Vermont: “I made a sacred vow that I would do something outrageous, at least once a week.”

Claire Moses wrote at the moment’s Back Story.

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