“The outcome of cases like this in other circumstances must await further elaboration in the courts,” Justice Kennedy wrote, “all in the context of recognizing that these disputes must be resolved with tolerance, without undue disrespect to sincere religious beliefs, and without subjecting gay persons to indignities when they seek goods and services in an open market.”
Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Justices Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Elena Kagan and Neil M. Gorsuch joined the bulk opinion. Justice Clarence Thomas voted with the bulk however would have adopted broader causes.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, joined by Justice Sonia Sotomayor, dissented.
The case, Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, No. 16-111, arose from a quick encounter in 2012, when David Mullins and Charlie Craig visited Mr. Phillips’s bakery, Masterpiece Cakeshop, in Lakewood, Colo. The two males had been going to be married in Massachusetts, and so they had been on the lookout for a marriage cake for a reception in Colorado.
Mr. Phillips turned them down, saying he wouldn’t use his abilities to convey a message of help for same-sex marriage at odds along with his spiritual religion. Mr. Mullins and Mr. Craig stated they had been humiliated by Mr. Phillips’s refusal to serve them, and so they filed a criticism with Colorado’s civil rights fee, saying that Mr. Phillips had violated a state regulation barring discrimination primarily based on sexual orientation.
Mr. Mullins and Mr. Craig received earlier than the Colorado civil rights fee and within the state courts.
The Colorado Court of Appeals ruled that Mr. Phillips’s free speech rights had not been violated, noting that the couple had not mentioned the cake’s design earlier than Mr. Phillips turned them down. The courtroom added that folks seeing the cake wouldn’t perceive Mr. Phillips to be making an announcement and that he remained free to say what he favored about same-sex marriage in different settings.