This week’s assembly between Kim Jong-un, North Korea’s chief, and his South Korean counterpart, President Moon Jae-in, seeks to ease decades-long tensions that flared into geopolitical conflict during the Korean War from 1950 to 1953.
A very brutal battle, it took the lives of an estimated three to 4 million folks, a lot of them civilians, and left the Korean Peninsula devastated, significantly in the North, the place roughly 25 p.c of the inhabitants was believed to have been killed. Seoul, the South’s capital, now a booming megacity of 10 million, additionally suffered widespread destruction, altering fingers 4 occasions.
The battle began when North Korea, which had the backing of the Soviet Union and China, invaded the South in June 1950 and shortly pushed South Korean forces to the southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula. The United States, below the auspices of the United Nations and with troops led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, invaded behind enemy traces in September on the coastal metropolis of Incheon, pushing the North Korean forces again previous their border.
A very bloody stage of the battle got here after the allied forces drove the North Korean troops to the Chinese border, and China entered the battle in October 1950. The ensuing preventing over the mountainous terrain of North Korea was recognized for its harsh situations, particularly in wintertime.
For the subsequent two years, the 2 sides fought to a standstill roughly centered on the realm of the 38th parallel, the prewar dividing line between the 2 Koreas. The United States, North Korea and China agreed to an armistice in July 1953, which South Korea refused to signal. The armistice halted the army battle however left the combatants nonetheless technically in a state of battle that has lasted to this present day. It additionally created the Demilitarized Zone that separates North and South Korea and is the positioning of Friday’s summit assembly.