BEIJING—China’s economic expansion slowed to its weakest tempo for the reason that monetary disaster, as prime monetary regulators launched a unprecedented coordinated effort to calm jittery traders.
The charge of progress within the third quarter dropped to 6.5%, falling wanting market expectations, official statistics launched Friday confirmed. Growth in industrial output and consumption weakened within the quarter, whereas exports held up regardless of the nation’s bruising commerce combat with the U.S.
Shortly earlier than the info was launched, People’s Bank of China Gov. Yi Gang, banking and insurance coverage regulatory chief Guo Shuqing and prime securities cop Liu Shiyu all issued statements urging traders to stay calm. Mr. Guo mentioned current “abnormal fluctuations” in Chinese stock markets don’t mirror the nation’s financial fundamentals and “stable financial system.” The Shanghai Composite Index—the worst performer amongst international benchmarks—has declined 25% to date this yr. It fell as a lot as 1.1% after opening Friday, however rebounded in late morning buying and selling.
Restoring market confidence is proving to be one of many hardest financial challenges for China’s management. Soon after the monetary mandarins’ remarks have been launched, the official Xinhua News Agency printed an interview with Vice Premier Liu He, President Xi Jinping’s financial captain, through which he mentioned the general financial scenario remained secure. Mr. Liu sought to dispel worries in regards to the affect of the simmering commerce battle with the U.S. on China.
“Frankly, the psychological impact is bigger than the actual impact,” he mentioned. “Right now, China and the U.S. are in contact.”
Washington and Beijing are making ready for a gathering between President Trump and Mr. Xi on the Group of 20 leaders’ assembly in Buenos Aires in late November.
The 6.5% quarterly progress is the bottom for the reason that first quarter of 2009 and is combined information for Chinese leaders as they brace for a protracted commerce battle with Washington. While the economic system stays on observe to meet Beijing’s full-year progress goal of about 6.5%, the third-quarter efficiency confirmed extra indicators of weak point—a scaleback of commercial manufacturing, slowing retail gross sales, anemic big-ticket investments and rising company defaults. That might restrict Beijing’s room to maneuver when negotiating with the U.S., whose economic system is rising robustly.
“China’s policy makers are trying to figure out how to react to the U.S.’s trade agenda and are less confident about their standing in the global arena compared with the past cycles,” says Bin Shi, a portfolio supervisor at Acadian Asset Management in Boston.
Third-quarter progress decelerated from 6.eight% within the first half of this yr. Part of the slowdown is due to Mr. Xi’s initiative of the previous two years to comprise debt and fend off monetary dangers. That risk-control marketing campaign has curbed borrowing by native governments and companies alike and brought about a pointy falloff in spending on new roads and factories. Even although Beijing began to loosen its tight-fisted management on credit score in current months, easing measures to date have failed to rejuvenate fixed-asset funding, which has been a progress engine for years.
If progress continues to diminish, Chinese officers and authorities advisers say Beijing is prepared to roll out extra pro-growth measures, similar to releasing extra funds for banks to make loans, stepping up authorities spending on infrastructure and decreasing company tax charges. However, such steps might additional exacerbate the nation’s debt issues. As it’s, hovering company and local-government money owed are threatening the long-term well being of the world’s second-largest economic system.
“The government is clearly getting concerned about the loss of growth momentum,” mentioned Eswar Prasad, a Cornell University economist who consults with Chinese officers. But rising monetary dangers might constrain China’s capacity to ease its financial coverage additional, Mr. Prasad mentioned. That suggests “fiscal policy ought to play a stronger countercyclical role,” he mentioned.
With the palpable slowdown and a pall forged by the commerce combat, Chinese customers have been tightening their purse strings. Retail gross sales grew 9.three% within the first three quarters of 2018, a pointy drop from 10.four% within the year-earlier interval. This yr’s plunge in China’s inventory markets, in accordance to economists and analysts, can also be taking a toll on customers. Car gross sales, for example, fell for a third straight month in September, placing the nation on observe for its first yearly decline in passenger-vehicle gross sales in almost three many years.
Exports, nevertheless, were an unexpected bright spot within the third quarter. Chinese firms’ abroad shipments rose a median of 11.7% from a yr earlier, a slight enchancment from a median of 11.5% month-to-month progress within the quarter earlier than.
Much of that burst, nevertheless, got here from producers racing to fill vacation orders and ship out items earlier than the commerce battle will get worse. That, in impact, is borrowing from future progress.
In Shanghai, Taijing International Freight Co., a delivery agency, has been busy dispatching cargoes of garments, toys, dwelling home equipment and different items. “Some of them are definitely trying to complete orders earlier than planned,” mentioned Pan Haitao, who runs the corporate.
“The current pace of export expansion is unsustainable,” says China economist Larry Hu at Macquarie Capital Ltd., a Sydney-based funding financial institution. Mr. Hu says export progress will decelerate to between 5% and 10% within the coming months.
The Washington-Beijing commerce combat has escalated past rhetoric in current months to imposing tariffs on a variety of every nation’s merchandise, with commerce penalties now on $250 billion of Chinese items and $110 billion of U.S. merchandise. Mr. Trump is threatening to elevate tariff charges in January to 25% from the present 10% on most of these items and place tariffs on an extra $257 billion of Chinese merchandise, primarily subjecting the entire U.S.’s Chinese imports to such penalties.
—Chao Deng and Liyan Qi contributed to this text.
Write to Lingling Wei at [email protected]