Poland, Migrants, World Cup: Your Wednesday Briefing

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Good morning.

Poland purges its Supreme Court, Austria tightens its borders and England squeaks previous Colombia. Here’s the newest:

• Poland’s authorities carried out a sweeping purge of the Supreme Court, after a step-by-step undermining of judicial independence by the governing Law and Justice occasion over the previous three years. Up to 27 of the nation’s 72 justices, together with its high choose, Malgorzata Gersdorf, above, are anticipated to retire. Tens of hundreds of individuals have taken to the streets throughout the nation in protest.

Warsaw’s erosion of the judiciary’s independence is an extra show of its alignment with neighboring nations like Hungary, whose leaders have turned to authoritarian means to tighten their grip on energy. The shift presents a grave challenge to the European Union, which is already grappling with nationalist, populist and anti-immigrant actions.

• In Austria, Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, above, introduced his nation’s intentions to tighten its border with Germany and construct camps to display screen asylum seekers. The declaration follows an analogous announcement on rising border safety by Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, who had beforehand staked her legacy on welcoming a whole lot of hundreds of migrants.

It’s arduous to overstate the stakes at play, our Interpreter columnists write, together with the attainable finish of open European borders — and even European unity itself.

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• “I’d really hate to see the clock turn back.”

That was Stacey Simmons, advocacy director for the National L.G.B.T.Q. Task Force. L.G.B.T. teams within the U.S. have made advances in recent times, however with the approaching retirement of Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy, who has written selections favorable to these teams, they are worried a more conservative court could spur new challenges. Above, the Supreme Court constructing in Washington.

Separately, the Trump administration reversed an Obama-era coverage that urged universities to think about race as a consider admissions — placing America’s lengthy commitment to affirmative action at a crossroads. Its future can be most likely depending on who fills Justice Kennedy’s seat.

From the World Cup:

England, above, avoided disaster and defeated Colombia in a tense penalty shootout. On Saturday, it’ll face Sweden, which beat Switzerland and superior to the quarterfinals for the primary time since 1994, all without its longtime star, Zlatan Ibrahimovic.

Meanwhile, coveted World Cup Fan IDs, that are required to get into stadiums and provides followers perks like visa-free entry into Russia, have raised privacy concerns.

And at Wimbledon, underdogs celebrated victories on Tuesday over a number of top-ranked gamers, together with Petra Kvitova, the oddsmakers’ favourite to win the ladies’s title, who was defeated by the 50th-ranked Aliaksandra Sasnovich.

Business

In Cambridge, a increase in artificial-intelligence analysis has attracted Silicon Valley’s tech giants. Their arrival is prone to be a boon for the British economic system, which is anticipated to be bruised by Brexit. Above proper, Google’s places of work in London, a 45-minute practice journey from Cambridge.

Shares in Glencore, a Switzerland-based mining big, sank on Tuesday after information that it was beneath subpoena within the U.S. in a cash laundering and corruption investigation.

In northern England, a well being care employee has been arrested on suspicion of killing eight infants and attempting to kill six others in 2015 and 2016. Above, the Countess of Chester Hospital, the place a number of infants died in its neonatal unit. [The New York Times]

Najib Razak, a former Malaysian prime minister, was arrested Tuesday amid a graft inquiry and has been charged with corruption and prison breach of belief. [The New York Times]

An Australian archbishop, Philip Wilson, was sentenced to 12 months in detention for failing to report baby sexual abuse. [The New York Times]

A Philippine mayor was fatally shot on Tuesday, in the future after a gunman killed one other mayor who was publicly supportive of President Rodrigo Duterte’s conflict on medication. [The New York Times]

Photos of an American lady with the giraffe she shot in South Africa final yr lately resurfaced, fueling an internet debate about big-game trophy searching. [The New York Times]

Italian Wikipedia has shut down quickly in protest over the way forward for an E.U. on-line copyright legislation, which is scheduled for a vote this week. [BBC]

Smarter Living

Tips for a extra fulfilling life.

Britain went to conflict with China in 1840, a battle generally known as the Opium War, over questions of commerce, diplomacy, nationwide dignity and drug trafficking. We spoke with Stephen R. Platt, whose new e book examines the conflict’s origins and its affect on Beijing’s relations with the world at the moment.

“Things fell into place”: Ten years in the past, Padraig Harrington stepped right into a void left by an injured Tiger Woods and received each the British Open and the P.G.A. Championship. The Irish professional recently looked back on 2008 and the way he got here away with two main championships.

Back Story

This week is the anniversary of the delivery of Phineas Taylor Barnum — generally known as “the Prince of Humbug” and the person behind “The Greatest Show on Earth.”

Born on July 5, 1810, in Connecticut, Barnum, above, was most lately performed by Hugh Jackman in “The Greatest Showman,” a movie that targeted on Barnum’s function in creating what grew to become the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus, which closed in 2017 after nearly 150 years.

But Barnum’s path to fame started with the exploitation of an enslaved African-American woman. In 1835, the showman took Joice Heth, who was introduced because the 161-year-old former nurse of George Washington, to Manhattan and exhibited her around the Northeast. After Heth’s loss of life in 1836, Barnum bought tickets to her post-mortem.

In 1841, Barnum opened the American Museum in New York, which about 38 million individuals visited earlier than it burned down in 1865. On show, amongst different issues, was a menagerie of unique animals that included beluga whales in an aquarium. (The whales died within the hearth, and unique animals roamed Manhattan’s streets for days afterward.)

It wasn’t till 1871 that Barnum grew to become the circus proprietor we largely know him as at the moment.

Barnum died in 1891, at which level The Washington Post known as him “the most widely known American that ever lived.”

Claire Moses wrote at the moment’s Back Story.

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